• -National e-Governance Plan in Agriculture

  • Seed Supply
  • Seed Farms
  • Seed Village Program
  • Seed Regulation

Objectives:

  • Seed is a critical determinant in increasing the Agricultural production.
  • The performance and efficiency of other inputs depends on the quality of seed. Certified/quality seed plays an important role in achieving higher yields.
  • Hence supply of quality seed to the farmers is one of the most important interventions to increase the production and productivity of any crop.
  • To bring more area under cultivation certified or quality seed must be supplied at affordable prices and in adequate quantities to the farmers.
  • The area under cultivation is not going to increase significantly; the thrust will have to be on rising productivity per unit of cultivated land.
  • The availability and use of quality seed is not a onetime affair. Sustained increase in agriculture production and productivity necessarily requires continuous development of new and improved varieties of crops and efficient systems of production (Seed Chain) and supply of Certified/Quality seed to farmers.

    In Andhra Pradesh the Seed production chain is being strengthened by producing various classes of seed i.e. Breeder seed, Foundation seed and certified seed by different Government and Private Institutions. The certified/quality and improved seed thus produced is being distributed to the farmers through the various Central and State schemes. This is one of the most effective way of increasing the production and productivity at the field level. Supply of seed on subsidy means the average farmers are able to purchase the most critical input in agriculture i.e. seed at affordable price which will help in achieving desirable increase in production and productivity. The main thrust while supplying the seed on subsidy is for varietal replacement and availability of quality seed to farming community.

    In order to achieve the food production target of the future, a major effort will be required to enhance the seed replacement rate of various crops. It would require a major increase in the production of certified/quality seed.

Supply under different schemes:

Seed Supply Plan for Kharif, 2019 and Rabi 2019-20 was prepared based on the district wise, season wise seed requirement as furnished by the District Joint Directors of Agriculture in the State.

It is proposed to distribute 22.03 lakh qtl of seed during 2019-20 out of which a quantity of 11.83 lakh qtl is planned to be supplied under subsidy with a subsidy value of Rs 32634.33 Lakhs. Arrangements are already made for supply of quality seed on subsidy to the farmers under various schemes as detailed below:

  • 1. National Food Security Mission (NFSM)
  • 2. Rastriya Krishi VikasYojana (RKVY)
  • 3. National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOPS)
  • 4. Supply of seed on subsidy to the farmers (Non-plan)

The subsidy seed will be supplied by the various seed supplying nodal agencies i.e. APSSDCL, APOILFED, NSC Ltd and HIL. In Kurnool, Kadapa, Ananthapuramu and Chittoor districts it has been planned to distribute about 4.72 Lakh Qtl. of Groundnut crop seed in collaboration with WASSAN an NGO. The various crop seed will be distributed to the farmers on subsidy as per the rates approved by the Government of Andhra Pradesh

Pvt. Hybrid crops seed like Maize, Jowar, Bajra, are supplied to the farmers on 50% subsidy limited to Rs 10000/-per qtl whichever is less and crops like Castor and Sunflower seed are supplied to the farmers on 50% subsidy limited to Rs 8000/- whichever is less per qtl.

In Non NFSM districts i.e East Godavari, West Godavari, Krishna, Guntur, Prakasam, Nellore, Kurnool and Chittoor it has been planned to distribute a quantity of 0.4 lakh Qtl. of Paddy crop seed @ Rs.500/- per Qtl. Under Non Plan.

In NFSM districts i.e Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam, Kadapa and Ananthapuram it has been planned to distribute a quantity of 1.54 lakh Qtl. of Paddy crop seed @ 50% limited to Rs.1000/- per Qtl. for more than 10 years old varieties and seed @ 50% limited to Rs.2000/- per Qtl. for less than 10 years old varieties.

Subsidy Seed Distribution through Aadhar enable Bio-Metric System:

By using latest technology in seed distribution, introduced Aadhar enabled Web land based Bio- Metric system for maintaining transparency and to avoid malpractices. All the necessary arrangements were made for distribution of entire subsidy seed through Bio-Metric system for the year 2019-20.

CROP WISE SUBSIDY SEED REQUIREMENT & SUBSIDY AMOUNT REQUIRED DURING 2019-20:

S.No

Crop

Kharif, 2019

Rabi 2019-20

Total

Seed requirement in Qtls

Subsidy  Rs in Lakhs *

Seed requirement in Qtls

Subsidy  Rs in Lakhs *

Seed requirement in Qtls

Subsidy  Rs in Lakhs *

1

Ground nut

442339

10793.0716

29438

718.2872

471777

11511.3588

2

Paddy

180599

2440.39

14180

118.6

194779

2558.99

3

Red gram

4245

118.625

140

3.5

4385

122.125

4

Green gram

845

31.75

3550

158.25

4395

190

5

Black gram

2608

65.2

9545

238.625

12153

303.825

6

Bengal gram

0

0

360250

10557.45

360250

10557.45

7

Jowar

356

35.6

150

15

506

50.6

8

Maize

6596

659.6

6940

694

13536

1353.6

9

Bajra

634

63.4

0

0

634

63.4

10

Ragi

736

18.4

647

16.175

1383

34.575

11

Sesamum

455

26.39

450

26.1

905

52.49

12

Castor

108

8.64

0

0

108

8.64

13

SunFlower

15

1.2

105

8.4

120

9.6

14

Cowpea

2264

37.08432

1560

25.5528

3824

62.63712

15

Korra

59

1.239

0

0

59

1.239

16

Horsegram

1199

20.383

732

12.444

1931

32.827

17

Rajmah

0

0

2225

167.20875

2225

167.20875

18

Soybean

440

9.0904

0

0

440

9.0904

19

Dhaincha

60990

2415.204

600

23.76

61590

2438.964

20

Sun hemp

25930

1357.4355

920

48.162

26850

1405.5975

21

Pillipesara

21260

1690.17

125

9.9375

21385

1700.1075

 

Total

751678

19792.873

431557

12841.452

1183235

32634.325

* Subsidy calculated as per 2018-19 approved  Prices except Green Manure

Promotion of new varieties:

    To promote new varieties a State Level Standing Committee has been formed as per the instructions of Government of India. The Committee has discussed with various Research Institutes regarding the new crop varieties which can be promoted in AP through subsidy scheme.

Seed Rolling Plan for Three years:

  • A three year Seed rolling Plan has been prepared and variety wise requirement and production of Certified seed / Foundation seed / Breeder seed for next 3 years has been finalized
  • It is decided to promote new varieties for different crops (which are less than 10 years old) and supply them under subsidy scheme.
  • Further, it is also decided to supply popular old varieties which are preferred by the farmers under the Seed Rolling Plan for ThreeYears.