The productivity levels can be improved significantly by providing major inputs like water & fertilizers. Excessive fertilizer usage not only wastes the limited resources but also pollutes the environment. Deficit application, however may limit the growth of the crop. Due to the large spatial variation of the agricultural field environment, (Soil, terrain, climate etc.), location specific soil health information and its management is critical in crop growth management.
Therefore, application of fertilizers based on soil test is advocated to have optimum yields by applying recommended doses of fertilizers.
Recent studies have revealed that application of small quantities of micronutrients can make a big difference in terms of increased crop yields (33-65%) and economic profits.
So, the Department of Agriculture has taken up an innovative approach to adopt soil test based recommendations along with good management practices (soils, crop & water management) including improved varieties and sustainable use of natural resources through a mission mode project.
The overall goal of the project is to increase average productivity of target crops in the selected districts by 20-25% in four years.
The specific objectives of the Project:
1)To adopt soil test based recommendations along with good management practices (soils, crop & water management) including improved varieties to enhance productivity of the selected crops by 20-25% over a period of four years.
2)To undertake representative soil sampling to identify micro and macro nutrient deficiencies of the soils.
3)To adopt this mission mode through different schemes of the department in selected clusters to reduce the gap in dissemination of knowledge.
4)To obtain the maximum yield from the area under cultivation also by safeguarding farmers' interest to obtain profitable yields.
5)To strengthen the institutional mechanizms such as inputs supply, farm extension through farm facilitators for all categories of farmers in the state through capacity development, convergence, collective action.
6)To promote organic matter building practices which support the long term sustainability and enhance productivity.
Guidelines of the Project:
1. To create co-ordination cell for monitoring the project.
Formation of State level coordination committee -The committee consists of
Commissioner & Director ofAgriculture -Chairman
Additional Director ofAgriculture - IV -Member Secretary
Joint Director ofAgriculture (SC) - Member -
Joint Director ofAgriculture (Seeds) - Member -
Joint Director ofAgriculture (Fertilizer) - Member -
Joint Director ofAgriculture (M&E) - Member -
Commissioner, Rural Development - Member -
Director of Research,ANGRAU - Member -
Formation of District Coordination Committee -The committee consists of
Joint Director ofAgriculture -Chairman
Project Director,ATMA - Member Secretary -
DDA, FTC - Member -
ADA, STL - Member -
Co-ordinator, DAATTC - Member -
Program Co-ordiantor, KVK - Member -
PD, DWMA - Member -
CPO - Member -
Formation of Mandal Co-ordination Committee -The Committee consists of
Assistant Director ofAgriculture® -Chairman
MandalAgricultural Officer - Member Secretary -
Block Technology Manager,ATMA - Member -
APD, DWMA - Member -
MandalAsst. Statistical Officer - Member -
Scientist fromANGRAU - Member -
2.To identify two major crops in each of the district.
3.Detailed action plans in coordination with Supplier agencies before on-set of the rainy season and rabi seasons by identifying the target mandals/clusters of villages in the target districts for two major crops to be covered in each district. Detailed action plan developed will be presented to the State level co-ordination committee for their approval and implementation before every season in each year.
4.DOAwill organize timely availability of necessary quality inputs (seeds, fertilizers including micronutrients, sowing machinery, pest control measures) for enhancing the agricultural productivity of the target crops.
5.To identify farmers in each of the target villages to ensure coverage of targeted areas in each district as planned.
6.To organize Farmers Days, review and planning meetings at different level and prepare necessary publicity and awareness campaign meetings and materials covering all media.
7.Organize trainers training with the faculty from Universities and department staff for internalizing nuances of various interventions to be undertaken from the Mission project.
8.Department staff along with farmers and scientists will undertake crop cutting experiments to record yield data.
Coordination Meetings:District coordination committee meeting is planned to be conducted before commencement of Kharif season (Probably by end of March 2013). In this meeting target mandals/cluster of villages in selected districts for two major crops should be finalized i.e., 250ha per mandal in Kharif and 100ha per mandal in Rabi. In Mandal co-ordination committee meeting farmers to be identified in each target village to ensure coverage of targeted areas.
For Kharif: (250ha per mandal)
Testing: During soil testing week to be conducted in April 2013, soil samples to be collected @ 10 Soil samples per village from the farmers identified in Mandal co-ordination committee. The soil samples should be send to the District Soil Testing Labs by 10th April 2013. The District Soil Testing Labs should complete the analysis work by 30th May 2013 and reports should reach to the concerned farmers by 10th June 2013.
Convergence of Organic farming: Soil organic carbon levels have been decreasing year by year due to lack of addition of organic matter (Farmyard Manure, Green manures, Vermi compost etc), in the soils. Due to less organic matter in the soils, the microbial activity in soils is decreased, thereby micro atmosphere of the soil is disturbed which in turn decreases the uptake of nutrients from soil. So to promote organic farming and use of organic manures Vermi beds @ 5 per mandal to the are to be established under this project. Also one Vermi compost units are to be established in this programmed area of each mandal.
Time frame for implementation:
Promotion of Fodder production: Feed and Fodder is the most integral part of livestock farming and Pr returnsare directly proportional to the feed and fodder management. The requirement of fodder is met mostly from crop residues of various food crops and in a limited way from the cultivated fodder crops. The area under fodder cultivation is less than 3% against the recommendation of National census on Agriculture of 10%. As Fodder production is a part of Agriculture, for an area of 4ha in the project area fodder seed will be supplied.
The specific outputs of this Project:
1.Well trained lead farmers in the State will be an asset to serve as para extension workers in the State to bridge the existing gap between the research findings and their implementation.
2.The productivity enhancement trials through soil test - based nutrient management interventions and improved management practices will demonstrate the potential of Agriculture in the districts with increased productivity of the test farmers by 20-25%.
3.Awareness about the soil health amongst the farmers will enhance and demand for balanced nutrient management will be increased.
4.Institutional mechanisms such as inputs supply, farm extension to all categories of farmers in the state will be strengthened.
Duties and Responsibilities of the Project Implementing Officers:
District Joint Directors of Agriculture:
Formulation of action plans, coordination, guidance and supervision, publicity and collection of data, verification and compilation. Arranging required inputs in time, timely verification and reporting.
Project officers of Head office:
Programme implementation monitoring, efficient utilization of funds, monitoring of inputs supply, maintenance of records, coordination with district offices.
Deputy Directors of Agriculture of Farmer Training Centers:
Work as coordinating officers to Assistant Directors of Agriculture® of concerned divisions and guide them in implementation of the project. Organize trainings at field level to extension staff and farmers.
Assistant Directors of Agriculture ®:
Formulation of their division action plans mandal wise, coordination, guidance and supervision of the programme, verification of selected villages. Input management action plan preparation (dates of training, implementing time table of activities), arranging training programmes at division level, monitoring publicity and maintenance of records, work verification of farmer facilitators, arranging of field visits, distribution of work to staff.
Mandal Agricultural Officers:
Formulation of their mandal action plan, coordination, guidance and supervision of the programme, arranging supply of seeds to villages in time, publicity and maintenance of records, arranging of field days and field visits, arranging training programmes at mandal level, conduct crop cutting experiments and report to Assistant Director of Agriculture®, review progress of farmer facilitators and submit weekly progress reports toAssistant Director ofAgriculture®.
Agricultural Extension Officers:
Selection of area and farmers, placing of indent for inputs to Mandal Agricultural officer in time for project implementation, attention should be given from sowing to harvesting. Conducting crop cutting experiments, arranging of field days and field visits.
Providing subject oriented training to extension staff and farmers, providing supporting extension literature, information in advance on seasonal conditions, occurrence of pests and diseases etc,, participating in field days.
Implementation Cost of the Project:
Cost towards supply of Inputs:
The above micro nutrients will be supplied to farmers on 50% subsidy basis. (Subsidy cost to DOA will be Rs.16.00 Crores apprx.) Similarly for supplying the above micronutrients to 734 mandals in 100ha for Rabi comes to Rs. 6.20 crores apprx.
Cost towards transportation charges: Amount of Rs.5000/- in Kharif and Rs.3000/- is allotted to each mandal towards transportation charges for transporting the inputs i.e., seed and micronutrients from mandal to concerned clusters. Total cost Rs. 60.00 lakhs.
Cost towards trainings:
Cost towards organizing State, District, Division level coordination committee meetings will come to Rs. 6.00 Lakhs.
Cost towards conducting awareness trainings to farmers of the project in cluster level Rs.5000/- per mandal is allotted. Total cost Rs. 37.00 Lakhs.
Cost towards organizing Field day and for conducting crop cutting experiments randomly in the programmed area with farmers Rs. 5000/- per mandal will be allotted. The cost comes to about 37.00Lakhs. Total cost Rs. 80.00Lakhs.
Cost towards supply of Fodder Seed: Cost towards procurement of Fodder seed for 2396 ha in 14 districts amounts to Rs. 0.50 crores.
Abstract of the Project Cost: