Seeds

  • Seed Supply
  • Seed Farms
  • Seed Village Program
  • Seed Regulation

SEED SUPPLY
Objectives::

1.Seed is a critical determinant in increasing the agricultural production.

2.The performance and efficiency of other inputs depends on the quality of seed. Certified/quality seed plays an important role in achieving higher yields.

3.Hence supply of quality seed to the farmers is one of the most important interventions to increase the production and productivity of any crop

4.To bring more area under cultivation certified or quality seed must be supplied at affordable prices and in adequate quantities to the farmers

5. The area under cultivation is not going to increase significantly; the thrust will have to be on rising productivity per unit of cultivated land.

Supply under different schemes:

Seed Supply Plan for Kharif 2013 and Rabi 2013-14 is prepared based on the district wise, season wise seed requirement as furnished by the District Joint Directors ofAgriculture in the State.

It is proposed to distribute 44.68 lakh qtl of seed during 2013-14 out of which a quantity of 22.89 lakh qtl is planned to be supplied under subsidy with a subsidy value of Rs. 308.59 Crores. Arrangements are already made for supply of quality seed on subsidy to the farmers under various schemes as detailed below:

1.National Food Security Mission (NFSM)

2.Rastriya Krishi VikasYojana (RKVY)

3.Integrated scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil Palm and Maize (ISOPOM)

4.Normal State Plan.

The subsidy seed will be supplied by the various seed supplying nodal agencies i.e. APSSDC, APOILFED and HACA.

Promotion of new varieties:

To promote new varieties a State Level Standing Committee has been formed as per the instructions of Government of India. The Committee has discussed with various Research Institutes regarding the new crop varieties which can be promoted inAP through subsidy scheme.

Seed Rolling Plan for Three years:

* A three year Seed rolling Plan has been prepared and variety wise requirement and production of Certified seed / Foundation seed / Breeder seed for next 3 years has been finalized.

* It is decided to promote new varieties for different crops (which are less than 10 years old) and supply them under subsidy scheme.

* Further, it is also decided to supply popular old varieties which are preferred by the farmers under the Seed Rolling Plan for ThreeYears.



SEED FARMS

There are 27 State Seed Farms under the Department ofAgriculture located in the 17 Districts.

Objectives::

The 27 State Seed Farms are taking up of Seed production programme utilizing the Breeder seed from theANGRAU and Foundation seed from Seed farms.

Benefit of the Programme:

The quality Foundation seed produced in the Farms is being utilized under Seed Village Scheme implemented by the Department.

Budget

A proposal for Rs. 1172.00 lakhs submitted to RKVY section for allocation under RKVY funds for providing infrastructure to the Seed Farms.

Cropping Programme during 2013-14:

For the year 2013-14, it is planned to cover an extent of 991.82 ha by utilizing the 760.09 qtls of Breeder seed with 29676.80 qtls of estimated Foundation seed production.



SEED VILLEGE PROGRAM

The Seed Village scheme was introduced in Rabi 2004-05 in the state by the Government of A.P. and from Rabi 2005-06 onwards the scheme is being implemented as per the norms of Government of India.

Objectives::

The Seed Village scheme ensures supply of quality certified seed of notified varieties to the farmers in time at their places at affordable prices besides ensuring quick multiplication of new seed varieties in a shorter time in that mandal /district based on the crop situation.

  • Supply of Foundation seed on 50% subsidy

  • Trainings: 3 one day trainings will be conducted to the farmers on seed production technology.

By implementation of the scheme in the state for the last eight years the farmers are benefited in the following aspects.

  • The certified seed produced under the scheme is having more demand due to the source of the seed is known and the farmers have confidence on the quality as the seed is produced in the farmers field by the supervision of the departmental officials.

  • The farmers are benefited under this scheme by getting foundation seed on 50% subsidy.

  • The farmers are getting remunerative price for the certified seed produced over the market price.

  • The produced certified seed is available to the farmers at their door steps in time at affordable price.

  • The farmers of the scheme are acquainted knowledge on the package of practices and seed production

    technology by the village level training programmes conducted under this scheme.
  • The seed produced under Seed Village Scheme is being utilized for further distribution under departmental programmes.

Implementation of the Programme: 
1.Supply of Foundation seed on 50% subsidy:
  • Approach:

It is necessary to identify the areas of better seed production and a compact area approach needs to be followed under this programme. Suitable responding / willing minimum 25 farmers for same crop/Variety will be identified / selected preferably in compact area / cluster approach. 
Unit size: The unit size of all crops is 10 ha. of compact area.

  • Selection of Villages:

The Village that is selected preferably a Major Gram panchayath of that mandal having two or more than crops as Major Crops or a Crop which is grown in larger area in that Mandal.The Village with good fertility, sufficient ground water facility and best suited for seed production should be selected.
So that, the no. of villages for implementation will be reduced and more than one unit of SVS may be implemented by which it is easy to implement the scheme and monitor the scheme effectively.

2.Selection and supply of seed:
  • Selection of crop/Variety:

The crop and variety selected for seed village scheme should have local demand, which can be disposed off completely in that area and the varieties which are in the list of varieties given by the seed variety selection committee . The seed required for Kharif will be produced in the Rabi season of the previous year.

  • Supply of Seeds:

Required foundation/certified seed will be distributed on 50% cost to the already identified farmers.

  • Source of supply of seeds:

The required foundation/certified seed of the crops / varieties decided / identified will be purchased from State Seed Farms / National Seeds Corporation / State Farms Corporation of India/APSSDC/ANGRAU.

3.Trainings:

Training will be provided on seed production and seed technology to farmers on the crops grown for the seed in the seed villages. The Number of farmers per each training is 50 (SVS farmers) for both Kharif-13 and Rabi 2013 -14.

  • The first one day training will be given to the farmers at the time of sowing of seed crop. During this training seed production technique, isolation distance, sowing practices, other agronomic practices to be followed for the given crop will be taught to the farmers.

  • The second one-day training will be organized during flower initiation stage of the seed crop. The seed growing farmers will be trained to identify off types, rogues and its removal from the seed plots and to maintain the quality of seed production and other agronomic practices, plant protection measures and harvesting methods to be followed by the farmers.

  • The third one day training will be organized / provided after harvest and at the time of seed processing to impart knowledge on seed cleaning, seed grading, seed treating, seed storage, seed packaging aspects and how to draw the representative seed sample and sending it for seed testing or local seed testing method to assess the seed germination also taught

The literature / publicity material can be printed invariably in Government press like Mahila pranganam, Jails etc., at district level only.

If the farmers are showing more interest they can form self-help-group (SHG) and take the assistance for setting up of seed processing unit.

Certification:

The seed produced will be processed and cleaned by the seed processing units which will be supplied to the districts as per their plan and the packed seed will be certified by the MAO concerned of that Mandal.

Seed Processing Units:

It is proposed to provide one processing unit in each ADA division of the district to the farmer groups in that area where productive seed village area is there. The MAO should take care that the SVP seed should be processed in these processing units.

Strict Monitoring of the Scheme:

The AEO, MAO, ADA® & JDA invariably have to visit the Seed Village on every Tuesday (as existing) and guide the farmers about identification & removal of off types and rogues.

Procurement of the seed:

The MAO should see that the seed is certified will go into the seed chain.

Physical Targets Proposed for the Year 2013-14:

It is proposed to implement the Seed Village Scheme in 14,716 units covering an area of 1,47,156 ha. during 2013-14 with a targeted certified seed production of 33.04 lakh qtls.

Financial Target for the year 2013-14: The financial requirement for seed village scheme proposed for the year 2013-14 is Rs. 5564.76 lakhs.


SEED REGULATION
  • Annual target of 14450 seed samples is fixed on prorate basis out of which 80% samples will be drawn in Kharif 2013 before sowings attain full swing. The remaining 20% will be drawn during Rabi 2013-14.

  • The Pre-release QualityAssurance Programme will be implemented during this year 2013-14 also and the samples will be under law enforcement category and action in case of substandard seed will be dealt under applicable provisions of SeedsAct 1966 and existing seed laws.

  • The DNA Fingerprinting Lab, at SAMETI, Old Malakpet which started functioning from Kharif 2008 onwards shall cater analytical services for identification of varieties, Genetic purity test, identification of events and quantity of Bt protein in Genetically Modified crops besides testing all other crops for Physical Purity, Moisture and Germination (PMG) analysis.

  • Further in view of empowerment of existing notified seed testing labs, the seed samples of Bt. cotton hybrids will be referred to Seed Testing Laboratories i.e., Rajendranagar (Hyderabad), Yemmiganur (Kurnool) and DNA Fingerprinting Lab, Malakpet (Hyderabad) under law enforcement category.

  • A separate target of 2710 seed samples of Cotton is included in the total seed samples target of 14450.

  • Central squads from the Commissionerate will be constituted for random inspections in the districts where illegal seed business is suspected i.e., during pre-Kharif and pre-Rabi season when the sales attain to peak stage.

  • Action in case of seed samples declared substandard, instead of restricting legal action to the particular district only, the particulars of seed lots declared not conforming to prescribed standards is communicated to all the district Joint Directors of Agriculture in the state for uniform action in respect of seed lot and to draw samples and initiate action accordingly.

  • It is proposed to strengthen all the notified as well as Single Window Diagnostic Labs including DNA Fingerprinting Lab in respect of equipment / instruments and chemicals for which a budget of Rs. 39.90 lakhs has been proposed.

  • Targets for the Single Window Diagnostic Facility Seed Testing Labs is fixed as 600 seed samples per year, with a view to increase drawl of samples under service category by the extension staff and also by farmers so as to ensure availability of crop seed to the farmers.

  • Required trainings to Seed Inspectors on Seed quality regulation and also to the Seed Analysts on seed testing procedures will be imparted.

  • All the Joint Directors of Agriculture in the state will be alerted to take-up frequent inspections followed by necessary action seeking detentions, seizures, booking cases etc., against faulty during the peak season to curb flow of spurious seeds.

  • All the Joint Directors ofAgriculture in the state are being continuously pursued to prosecute the accused in all the cases of substandard seed samples as per procedure in time.




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