The Seed Village scheme was introduced in Rabi 2004-05 in the state by the Government of A.P. and from Rabi 2005-06 onwards the scheme is being implemented as per the norms of Government of India.
The Seed Village scheme ensures supply of quality certified seed of notified varieties to the farmers in time at their places at affordable prices besides ensuring quick multiplication of new seed varieties in a shorter time in that mandal /district based on the crop situation.
By implementation of the scheme in the state for the last eight years the farmers are benefited in the following aspects.
Implementation of the Programme:
1.Supply of Foundation seed on 50% subsidy:
It is necessary to identify the areas of better seed production and a compact area approach needs to be followed under this programme. Suitable responding / willing minimum 25 farmers for same crop/Variety will be identified / selected preferably in compact area / cluster approach.
Unit size: The unit size of all crops is 10 ha. of compact area.
The Village that is selected preferably a Major Gram panchayath of that mandal having two or more than crops as Major Crops or a Crop which is grown in larger area in that Mandal.The Village with good fertility, sufficient ground water facility and best suited for seed production should be selected.
2.Selection and supply of seed:
So that, the no. of villages for implementation will be reduced and more than one unit of SVS may be implemented by which it is easy to implement the scheme and monitor the scheme effectively.
- Selection of crop/Variety:
The crop and variety selected for seed village scheme should have local demand, which can be disposed off completely in that area and the varieties which are in the list of varieties given by the seed variety selection committee . The seed required for Kharif will be produced in the Rabi season of the previous year.
Required foundation/certified seed will be distributed on 50% cost to the already identified farmers.
- Source of supply of seeds:
The required foundation/certified seed of the crops / varieties decided / identified will be purchased from State Seed Farms / National Seeds Corporation / State Farms Corporation of India/APSSDC/ANGRAU.
Training will be provided on seed production and seed technology to farmers on the crops grown for the seed in the seed villages. The Number of farmers per each training is 50 (SVS farmers) for both Kharif-13 and Rabi 2013 -14.
The first one day training will be given to the farmers at the time of sowing of seed crop. During this training seed production technique, isolation distance, sowing practices, other agronomic practices to be followed for the given crop will be taught to the farmers.
The second one-day training will be organized during flower initiation stage of the seed crop. The seed growing farmers will be trained to identify off types, rogues and its removal from the seed plots and to maintain the quality of seed production and other agronomic practices, plant protection measures and harvesting methods to be followed by the farmers.
The third one day training will be organized / provided after harvest and at the time of seed processing to impart knowledge on seed cleaning, seed grading, seed treating, seed storage, seed packaging aspects and how to draw the representative seed sample and sending it for seed testing or local seed testing method to assess the seed germination also taught
The literature / publicity material can be printed invariably in Government press like Mahila pranganam, Jails etc., at district level only.
If the farmers are showing more interest they can form self-help-group (SHG) and take the assistance for setting up of seed processing unit.
The seed produced will be processed and cleaned by the seed processing units which will be supplied to the districts as per their plan and the packed seed will be certified by the MAO concerned of that Mandal.
Seed Processing Units:
It is proposed to provide one processing unit in each ADA division of the district to the farmer groups in that area where productive seed village area is there. The MAO should take care that the SVP seed should be processed in these processing units.
Strict Monitoring of the Scheme:
The AEO, MAO, ADA® & JDA invariably have to visit the Seed Village on every Tuesday (as existing) and guide the farmers about identification & removal of off types and rogues.
Procurement of the seed:
The MAO should see that the seed is certified will go into the seed chain.
Physical Targets Proposed for the Year 2013-14:
It is proposed to implement the Seed Village Scheme in 14,716 units covering an area of 1,47,156 ha. during 2013-14 with a targeted certified seed production of 33.04 lakh qtls.
Financial Target for the year 2013-14: The financial requirement for seed village scheme proposed for the year 2013-14 is Rs. 5564.76 lakhs.