• Introduction
  • Supply of Gypsum
  • Supply of Zinc Sulphate
  • Quality Control of Fertilizers
  • Organic Farming
  • Fertilizer Rates

Supply of Fertilizers:
Nutrient Based Subsidy Policy (NBS Policy):

Department of Fertilizers (DoF), Government of India communicated the New Nutrient Based Subsidy Policy effective from 1.4.2010 and continued in the year 2013-14 also.

Salient features of NBS Policy:

* Products covered: The NBS is applicable to DAP, MOP, MAP, TSP, 15 grades of Complex fertilizers,Ammonium Sulphate (of GSFC & FACT) and SSP.

* SubsidyApplicable: The primary nutrients of N, P,K and Sulphur (S) are eligible for subsidy. (The per Kg subsidy N- Rs. 20.875/-., P ? Rs. 18.679/-, K- Rs. 18.833/-, S- Rs. 1.677/-) for the year 2013-2014.

* subsidy N- Rs. 20.875/-., P ? Rs. 18.679/-, K- Rs. 18.833/-, S- Rs. 1.677/-) for the year 2013-2014. Additional per Tonne subsidy is given for fertilizers carrying other secondary and micro nutrients. This is to encourage balanced use of fertilizers. The per MT additional subsidy on boron is Rs. 300/- and for zincRs. 500/-.

Secondary Nutrients: Calcium (Ca) & Sulphur (S)

Micro Nutrients: ZincNutrients:(Zn),Boron (B),Manganese,(Mn),Iron(Fe),Copper(Cu) & Molybdenum (Mo)

*The Department of Fertilizers (DoF) fixes the subsidy of fertilizers and the companies will decide the MRPs.

*Printing on the Bags:The fertilizer companies required to print the Maximum Retail Prices MRP) along with the applicable subsidy on the fertilizer bags clearly. Any sale above the printed MRP will be punishable under ECAct.

*All the Fertilizer Inspectors will ensure compliance of the above item.

*The distribution and movement of fertilizers along with import of finished fertilizers, fertilizer inputs and production by indigenous units will continue to be monitored through the online web based ?Fertilizer Monitoring System (FMS)/mobile FMS?. 
 Supply Plan of Fertilizers:

The product-wise monthly allocations to the States i.e., supply plans will be decided and communicated to the States by the Department of Fertilizers (DoF), Government of India and in turn to the districts from the head Offices as being done now.

Mobile based Fertilizer Monitoring System (mFMS):

* Government of India has decided to implement a mFMS (Mobile based Fertilizer System) to track the movement and information availability & visibility across whole Supply Chain.

*The Department of Fertilizer, Government of India is implementing the project and National Informatics Centre (NIC), Ministry of Communication & Information Technology, Government of India is the technology partner.A Task Force, headed by Sh. Nanadan Nilekani is monitoring the project regularly.

Objective of the Project:

*The objective of the mFMS (Mobile Based Fertilizer Monitoring System) is to monitor the movement of? the fertilizer from the company to Warehouse, Wholesalers and from Wholesalers to Retailers.

*The proposed system will help in monitoring the movement of Fertilizers consignments and its stock position at various warehouses, wholesalers, and retailers.

*The system will also act as a tool for Government Bodies to track and ensure the timely distribution of fertilizers to the farmers.

It is proposed to be done in Three Phases

Phase 1: Information visibility till the retailer

The objective of this phase is to create information visibility of the movement of fertilizer along the supply chain from the manufacturer till the retailer.

Phase 2: Subsidy payment to retailers

It is envisaged that the subsidy will be released to the retailer when he receives the fertilizer.

Phase 3: Subsidy payment to farmers

In the Interim stage, it is envisaged that the subsidy will be released to the farmer in the long run, once the

It is proposed to be done in two phases:

a. Information flow on sales to individual farmers

b. Transfer of subsidy to farmers (intended beneficiary).

Pilot Project in East Godavari District on Direct Subsidy Transfer to Farmers:

?This phase is on capture of the information on retail sales to farmers, based on the parameters of capturing the identity (Can be KCC, Aadhar or Bank Account)of the Beneficiary (farmers) and the quantity of fertilizer bought. The system will be designed with multiple options for the retailer to report the sale through either web, Point of sale device or mobile.?

*East Godavari district has been identified and selected by GoI for the implementation of m-FMS pilot project in the State

*NFCL has been nominated for the implementation of the pilot project.

*NFCL has completed the second phase training programme.in the East Godavari in Co-ordination with the Department.

*All the active dealers i.e., 1039 dealers including the wholesale dealers have registered in m-FMS in the East Godavari district.

* The modalities for the implementation of the project is awaited from the Government of India.

State Government Intervention in the Implementation of mFMS:

*State Government in co-ordination with Fertilizer Industry completed the trainings and registration of all Fertilizer Dealers into m-FMS system in all the districts and motivated the dealers regarding,

*installation of mobile applications

*usage/utility of m-FMS software.

*Modified procedure for release of fertilizer subsidy with the introduction of mobile Fertilizer System (m-FMS) for all the fertilizers from supplies of the November 2012 onwards.

* Issued time to time instructions to the all the district JDAs for proper implementation of m-FMS in all the districts of the State particularly in East Godavari district (pilot project district) in co-ordination with the manufacture allotted to their respective district.

*Regular meetings with all the Fertilizer manufacturers/suppliers for successful implementation of mFMS in the State.

*Co-ordinating and assisting the manufacturers to aware the dealers for 100% acknowledgement of Sale Receipt.


Fertilizers are classified into Macro, Micro & Secondary Nutrients. The Macro-Nutrients are Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium, Micro Nutrients are Zinc, Iron, Manganese, Copper, Boron etc and Secondary nutrients are mainly Sulphur.,

The Department facilitates the supply of Macro Nutrients through institutions and dealers. In case of Secondary Nutrient (Sulphur) and Micro Nutrient (Zinc), the department provides 50% subsidy to the extent of budget availability. The selection of farmers is however with a preference to tenant farmers as he incurs higher cost of cultivation due to additional burden of lease amount.

Gypsum is supplied on 50% subsidy for reclamation and development of Alkali soils and under ISOPOM scheme, for supplementing the nutrient to small and marginal farmers followed by other farmers.


Intensive Agriculture especially in irrigated areas and application of inorganic fertilizers has led to increase in extent of problematic soils in Andhra Pradesh.

Objectives of the Programme:

* To reclaim the lands affected by alkalinity and improve land productivity

* Increase land utility.

Benefits of the Programme:

*Application of Gypsum in the previous years has resulted in reclaiming the alkaline soils thus bringing in more area under cultivation hence it is highly beneficial in the interest of the farming community.

Brief Guidelines for Implementation of the Programme:

1)The Gypsum should be supplied to each beneficiary limiting to 2 ha. under Reclamation of alkaline soils.

2)The quantity to be supplied per Ha. is 5 M.Tons and 50 Kgs for Reclamation of alkaline soils and Groundnut crops under ISOPOM respectively.

3)The beneficiaries already covered during the past two years should not be repeated during this year.

4)The Mandal Agril. Officer should identify the bonafide beneficiary and collect the indent of Gypsum to be supplied under Reclamation of Alkali soils and Groundnut under ISOPOM separately, along with the non subsidy amount by means of D.D drawn in favour of the Nodal agency.

5)After receiving the Demand Draft from the beneficiary, a copy of the D.D should be sent to the Nodal agency on the same day itself along with the indent with correct address of the beneficiary.

6)The MAO after placing indent scheme-wise separately with the Nodal agency, the original D.D should be sent to district Joint Director of Agriculture for onward transmission to the Nodal agency.

7)The Joint Director of Agriculture should send all such D.Ds received from MAOs to the Nodal agency once in two days without any further delay.

8)As soon as Xerox copy of the D.D and indent is received from the MAO, the Nodal agency should make necessary arrangements for the supply of the gypsum as per the indent and the gypsum should reach the beneficiary within 7 days from the date of receipt of indent from the respective MAO.

10)The MAOs as far as possible should place indents in multiples of 17 M.Tons by clubbing 4 to 5 farmers in one village or more than one village in a route.

11)The MAO is made responsible to see that the material reaches the beneficiaries.

12)The Dist. Joint Director of Agriculture should review this item of work every week and see that the quantities allotted to the districts are completely achieved without any short fall.

13)The category wise distribution under SCSP and TSP should be strictly followed.

Subsidy Pattern:

* It is proposed to reclaim 800 Ha of Alkaline soils by distributing 2200 M.Ts of Gypsum under INM by covering approximately 300 No of beneficiaries during 2013-14.

* Out of total allotment of 2200 MTs, a quantity of 356.40 MTs with a subsidy amount of Rs.10.69 lakhs is allocated towards SCSP component and a quantity of 145.2 MTs with a subsidy amount of Rs.4.356 lakhs is allocated towards TSP component.

* The details of district wise area proposed to be covered, quantity of gypsum to be supplied in 2013-14 along with physical and financial targets are shown in Annexure VIII a, VIII b,


Total outlay of the Scheme Rs.132.00 Lakhs
Beneficiary share Rs.66.00 Lakhs
Subsidy amount from Normal State Plan Rs.66.00 Lakhs

Area of operation

All the districts of Andhra Pradesh except Chittoor, Anantapur.

Canalizing Agencies

AP MARKFED is proposed to be nominated as Nodal Agency for supply of gypsum on 50% subsidy in the state of Andhra Pradesh

Proposal for Distribution of Gypsum on 50% subsidy under Reclamation of Alkali soils during 2013-14

Sl.No. Physical (M.T.s) Category-Wise (Rs In lakhs)
a) General 1698.4
b) SCP 356.4
c) TSP 145.2
Total 2200
a) General 50.952
b) SCP 10.692
c) TSP 4.356
Total 66.00



The deficiency of Zinc is noticed in the soils ofAndhra Pradesh by which the nutrient uptake is hampered affecting the productivity of crop adversely.

Objective of the programme.

* To overcome the problem of Zinc deficiency in paddy crop
* To increase the productivity of paddy crop.

Benefits of the Programme

* Application of Zinc Sulphate in the previous years has resulted in increased production and productivity of paddy besides quality of the produce, hence it is highly beneficial in the interest of the farming community, to continue the programme during 2013-14.

Brief guidelines for implementation of the programme

1. The Nodal Agencies should procure ISI Zinc Sulphate 21% from the eligible manufacturers only, basing on the quantities mentioned in Form-J and Form-L of a particular batch.

2. Dosage - 50 kg Per Ha. for Paddy crop and 25kg Per Ha. for Groundnut crop.

3 The extent to each beneficiary is limited to 2 Ha

4. The beneficiaries covered during the past three years under the same scheme shall not be benefited again during this year.

5. The eligible outside manufacturers should store the stocks in the authorized godowns, for observing sampling procedure duly treating as manufacturer?s stock

6. The Nodal Agencies shall position the stock of Zinc Sulphate 21% at the placement centers furnished by respective district Joint Director of Agriculture along with the quantity under intimation to the respective Assistant Director of Agriculture and Mandal Agricultural Officer.

7. As soon as Zinc Sulphate 21% is positioned, the Mandal Agricultural Officer should draw the service sample from each lot and send the same to the nearest FCO Laboratory for analysis purpose. Till analysis result is received, the Mandal Agricultural Officer shall not distribute the stock.

8. The Nodal Agencies should also draw the samples at random and get them analyzed either at ANGRAU or in any authorized laboratory and send a copy of such result to this office.

9. The Asst. Directors of Agriculture (FCO Labs) are requested to analyze the Zinc sulphate 21 % service samples received from the Mandal Agricultural Officers and send the results within 48 hours. A copy of substandard service samples analysis report should be sent to this office.

10. If any substandard analysis report is received by the Mandal Agricultural Officer, such stock shall not be distributed under subsidy programme.

11. The Mandal Agricultural Officer shall again draw a fresh sample duly observing the sampling procedure laid down in FCO 1985 only from the substandard service samples stock and send the same for analysis to FCC. If, the samples fail in FCC , necessary action should be initiated as per FCO.

12. The required permit books for issue of permits will be printed and supplied as per requirement by MARKFED.

13. The Joint Director?s of Agriculture, should intimate the concerned Agril.Officers about the allocation of Zinc Sulphate made for each mandal in the district, so that permits may not be issued over and above the allotted quantities of Zinc Sulphate.

14. Permits will be issued to the farmers by the Agricultural Officers based on the areas under the crop proposed in their Pattadar Pass Book. The areas permitted to each farmer shall be indicated in Ha in words and the material supply also shall be clearly indicated in words.

15. Farmers shall be requested to take their Pattadar pass Books along with the permits to the Sale Counters and entry shall be made by the Sales in charge about the quantity of the Zinc Sulphate on 50% subsidy during Kharif / Rabi, 2009-10 in Pattadar Pass Book.

16. Farmer shall acknowledge the receipt of the Zinc Sulphate as per permit issued by the MAO on the declaration printed overleaf of the bill book at Sale Counters.

17. The permit signed by the concerned MAO should only be honored and no other evidence is required.

18. The JDAs are requested to constitute teams for verification of Zinc Sulphate distribution at the counters daily. Any complaint on distribution of Zinc Sulphate should be brought to the notice of this office immediately.

19. The ADA( R ) shall take up 20% verification and JDA shall take up verification at random in the district and furnish their observation once in a fortnight during the distribution process and take necessary action wherever any deviation is noticed.

20. The MAO should maintain a subsidy register for this purpose, which is laid down in departmental manual and to be verified by Asst. Director of Agriculture and JDA during their visits.

21.while implementing the scheme, the category wise allocation of SCSP and TSP for each district, as indicated in the statement that is enclosed here with, should be strictly adhered.

Subsidy Pattern

* Zinc Sulphate 21% is supplied to the farmers on 50% subsidy and 50% farmers share. The subsidy provided during 2012-13 is Rs.17,250/- per MT and 50% beneficiary share (non-subsidy portion) is Rs.17,250/- per MT. The rate of Zinc Sulphate to be supplied on subsidy during 2013-14 is yet to be fixed by the Government.

Area to be covered, No. of farmers to be benefited etc.

* It is proposed to distribute 8,000 M.T.s of Zinc sulphate covering an area of 1,60,000 ha and approximately 1,00,000 No. of farmers during 2013-14 with a total subsidy involvement of Rs.1440.00 Lakhs. Out of the total quantity of 8000 Mts, a quantity of 3600 M.T.s will be distributed covering an area of 1,24,000 ha during Kharif -2009 and 8800 M.T.s covering an area of 72000 Ha. during Kharif -2013 and 4400 M.T.s covering an area of 88000 Ha. during Rabi 2013-14.

* Out of the total allotment of 8,000 M.T.s, a quantity of 1296.00 M.T.s with a subsidy amount of Rs.233.28 lakhs is allocated towards SCP component and a quantity of 528MTs with a subsidy amount of Rs.95.04 lakhs is allocated towards TSP component.

* All the 22 Districts of Andhra Pradesh.

Canalizing Agencies:* AP MARKFED is designated as Nodal Agency for distribution of Zinc Sulphate-21% in all the 22 districts of AP.

* Proposal for Distribution of Zinc Sulphate 21% on 50% subsidy to paddy crop during 2013-14 subject To budget Availability



Fertilizer Coding Centre

Fertilizer Coding Centre was established on 1st December 2004 with a purpose of maintaining secrecy while the analysis of Fertilizer Samples received from the Fertilizer Inspectors through out the State.

It is proposed an amount of Rs.6.00 under Integrated Nutrient Management for purchasing of recurring and non-recurring item that are required for the functioning of Fertilizer Coding Centre to achieve its objective

Strengthening of FCO Labs:

There are 5 existing Notified laboratories in the State for conduct of Fertilizer samples analysis as per the provisions of FCO, 1985 in the following districts:


1 FCO Lab, Rajendranagar Ranga Reddy
2 FCO Lab, Warangal Warangal
3 FCO Lab, Tadepalligudem West Godavari
4 FCO Lab, Bapatla Guntur
5 FCO Lab, Anantapur Anantapur.

Due to cessation of work plan, it is proposed to meet the expenditure of Rs.42.80 lakhs from RKVY as per the guidelines of Government of India

Strengthening of Fertilizer Analysis under Single Window Diagnostic facility:

17 Fertilizer testing laboratories were established in 17 districts of the State except West Godavari, Guntur, Anantapur, Rajendranagar & Warangal under Single Window Diagnostic Facility to analyze the Fertilizer samples that are received from the farmers to check the quality of the Fertilizers that are exhibited for sale in each district.

Fertilizer samples under Quality Assurance:

In order to maintain Quality Assurance of Fertilizers that are manufactured, exhibited and offered for sale, the Fertilizer samples at above levels should be drawn by the Enforcing Authorities and the same should be get analyzed through the FCC for which the district wise fertilizer samples under Quality Assurance for the year 2013-14 is proposed along with the farmers samples for 17 Fertilizer analysis laboratories under Single Window Diagnostic Facility. The details are appended inAnnexure VI

Analysis of Fertilizer Samples:

There are Five fertilizer Control Order Laboratories functioning in the State and one fertilizer Coding centre located at Hyderabad. The details of Fertilizer Control Order Labs are as follows:


1 Rajendranagar Ranga Reddy
2 Warangal Warangal
3 Tadepalligidem West Godavari
4 Bapatla Guntur
5 Anantapur Anantapur.


The Fertilizer Analysts, Fertilizer Inspectors, Laboratory Incharges and Notified Authorities of the State will be trained at Central Fertilizer Quality Control & Training Institute, Faridabad and Chennai in analytical procedures of fertilizers and other aspects every year

Squads :

Central squads from the Commissionerate will be constituted and deputed for random inspections in the districts for inspecting dealer / retail / manufacturing units during Kharif and Rabi seasons to ensure supply of quality fertilizers to the farming community.

Time schedule for implementation of Fertilizer Control Order 1985:

Time Schedule as per clause 30 of Fertilizer Control Order 1985 is as follows:

1. Where the fertilizer sample drawn by the Fertilizer Inspector shall be dispatched for analysis to Fertilizer Coding Centre within 7 days under acknowledgment.

2. The Laboratory should analyze and dispatch the analysis report within 30 days from the date of receipt of sample from Fertilizer Coding Centre

3. The Fertilizer Inspector should communicate the analysis result to the concerned within 15 days from the date of receipt of analysis report from the fertilizer Coding Center.


The aggrieved Dealer / Distributor / Manufacturer can exercise the option of reanalysis under clause 32 (A) (2) and 32(2) of Fertilizer Control Order, 1985 within 30 days from the date of receipt of analysis and the same will be sent for reanalysis to any of the 64 laboratories notified by the Government of India by the Appellant Authority and the result of Reanalysis of the referral laboratory supercedes the contents of the earlier report.

Area Expansion Under Certification of Organic Forming : 

The inability of Indian agriculture to meet the demand for food in the country during the two and half decades immediately after independence had been a matter of concern at those times. The system of our agriculture based on the traditional knowledge and practices handed down from generation to generation could not produce enough to feed the increasing population. The green revolution fulfilled our aspirations by changing India from a food importing to a food exporting nation

However, the achievement was at the expense of ecology and environment and to the detriment of the well-being of the people. The agriculture system adopted from the west has started showing increasing unsustainability and once again the need for an appropriate method suitable to our requirements is being felt.

The practice of organic farming, said to the best known alternative to the conventional method. However,organic farming is based on the similar principles underlying our traditional agriculture. Organic agriculture aims at the human welfare without any harm to the environment which is the foundation of human life itself. The need for organic farming arises from the unsustainability of agriculture production and the damage caused to ecology for organic farming arises from the unsustainability of agriculture production and the damage caused to ecology through the conventional farming practices.


Organic agricultural practices are based on a maximum harmonious relationship with nature aiming at the non-destruction of the environment. The major problem is the poor productivity of our soils because of the low level content of the organic matter. The efficiency of the organic inputs in the promotion of productivity depends on the organic contents of the soil.

*Sustainable agriculture
*Increasing agriculture production
*Food self-sufficiencyi
*Environmental protection
*Conservation of natural resources
*Rural development

Organic production requires certification after periodic inspections in order to ensure that all prescribed practices are followed.

Need For Organic Certification:

For a consumer it is not at all possible to distinguish between the organic products & conventional agriculture products. Certification is a system by which the consumer is assured for the quality of the product. Certification system has been introduced mainly to:

* Protect consumer rights of getting the product of appropriate quality, as per the claims.

* Protect the interests of the organic farmers by assigning their product a clear distinction.

*Develop the economical status of farmers.


Certification is a procedure by which a third party gives written assurance, that a clearly identified process has been adopted by the grower which has been methodically inspected and assessed by the certifying agency for its accuracy and authenticity, to ensure that specified product conform to the specified requirements, to install the confidence of the consumers.

Copyright © 2016 Agrisnet - Design: Department of Agriculture